The Deer Facts
Here is the wild facts about our local deer population.
Classification is Class: Mammalia, Average Size is Length: about 3 ft.
Height: about 36 in. at the shoulder, Weight: buck 100-200+ lbs;
doe 80-160 lbs. There Food: Green leaves, succulent plants, tender
woody vegetation, grasses, acorns, and agricultural crops
There gender Male: buck. Female: doe.Promiscuous; males mate with several females and females may mate with one
or more males. Mating occurs in autumn. Females breed every year.
Gestation period is 196 days. The Young Fawns: litter size of 1-3 fawns.
Weaned at 4 months. Stay with doe for first year, then
yearling bucks leave. Yearling does may stay and form family units, although most year-ling does give birth. Life Expectancy
In the wild, 2-5 years for bucks and 3-6years for does. Age is determined by examining teeth in the lower jaw bone.
Habitat and Habits Deer are so adaptable that they are
found in almost any type of habitat.They like creek and river bottoms, oak ridges, pine forests, farmlands or
any other type of habitat that offers food, water and cover. They
adapt well to suburban sprawl. In autumn, deer fatten up for the
breeding season or “rut.”
During mid-October and into November,bucks establish hierarchies among themselves leading up to mating with
does. A buck rubs its antlers on trees
and limbs, scrapes depressions in the ground and deposits scent to let
other deer know its territory. After the breeding season, bucks and does
socialize less and the bucks become secretive again. Around the middle
of January and early Feb
ruary, the bucks’ antlers drop and in April and May they begin to
grow again. The fawns are born in May or June.